Safety measures during handling of weapons:
Rule No.1: “I will always handle a weapon like it is loaded”.
Each time when the shooter takes a weapon in his hand, he should check it: inspect it, show it to the range officer, necessarily detach the magazine case (if it is exist) and check if there is a cartridge in ammunition, as well as twice rack the slide. The shooter always should implement this procedure of weapon control even if he is sure that the weapon is unloaded.
Rule No.2: «I will never point my weapon where I don’t want to shoot».
It is always necessary to control the direction of the barrel while extracting the weapon from a gun holster, safe, piece cover, etc. It is prohibited to point the weapon barrel towards people, animals or any other unsafe directions. The shooter should always control where the weapon barrel is pointed, at that whether it doesn’t matter loaded or not.
Rule No.3: «Before I shoot I always check what is in front and behind of the target».
During the target shooting it is necessary to remember that the bullet after punching the target does not lose its destructive force and can reach an object that shooter does not intend to attack. The shooter should always control the situation at shooting gallery and shooting range considering all possible options for the movement of people and equipment.
Rule No.4: «I will never touch the firing trigger by finer until the weapon barrel is pointed into the target».
This is one of the most important safety rules of weapon handling while shooting. During the extraction of weapon from a gun holster, piece cover, safe and while reloading, change of magazine case, moving with the weapon, including change of firing location or stand, and other cases when the shooter does not point the weapon into the target, the finger should not touch the firing trigger of the weapon. This skill should be practiced in all cases and should be mastered until it becomes second nature.
Safety measures during shooting:
The permission to open a fire during shooting can be given only by the range officer. It is allowed to fire at the shooting range only after the command “Fire”. The shooting should be stopped upon the command “Stop”, “Hold your fire!” or “Stand-down”.
It is prohibited during shooting:
1. To admit to shooting individuals, who did not pass tests on knowledge of the weapon material part, the requirements of safety measures and have not completed the preparatory exercises;
2. To remove the gun covers or extract it from the gun holster without a permission of the instructor;
3. To point the weapon, regardless of whether it is loaded or not, in the direction where people are or in the direction of their possible appearance, the rear of the shooting range (shooting gallery);
4. To load the weapon without a command of the instructor;
5. To leave the weapon unattended as well as passing it to other people;
6. To fire from the unregistered weapon;
7. To use ammunitions inapplicable in operational and technical documentation for this type of weapon;
8. To disassemble ammunitions and explosives;
9. To open fire and shoot without a command of the instructor using faulty weapon, outside the borders of the shooting range, prior to the border of firing and after the hitting a line of cease-fire, while showing the white flag (the light) on the command center of the shooting range;
10. To use mobile phones and other devices while being at initial location or the border of firing;
11. To use tracer cartridges and cartridges with steel core;
12. During the shooting in ear protectors, it is prohibited to put on, to adjust and to remove them with arms in hands;
13. To allow persons who are under the influence of alcohol or drugs containing narcotic or psychotropic substances, to perform the exercises. The firing of all shooters should be immediately ceased on their own or at the command of the range officer in the following cases:
Delivery of fire by all shooting should stop immediately independently or at the command of the range officer in the following cases:
- – appearance of people, cars or animals on the target field as well as low-flying aircraft above the shooting area. Showing the white flag on the command center of the shooting range or on the pit.
- – fire breaking-out on the target field and on the territory of flying area. Turning on a set signal by the perimeter post about a danger to continue shooting. During the disorientation of the shooter.
Protection of ocular and hearing organs of the shooters and other persons located on the shooting range or shooting gallery.
The range officer, trainees and viewers located at the shooting range or shooting gallery must use a protective glasses.
While firing bullets, especially at steel targets, there are small fragments that fly around the target, reach the shooter and can cause injury to unprotected eyes. The same danger is associated with the departure from the weapons of spent cartridges.
Persons on the shooting range or in the shooting gallery must use ear protection: headphones or earplugs.